In its latest act of defiance against the judicial branch, the Trump administration has published an Interim Final Rule entitled “Visas: Ineligibility Based on Public Charge Grounds,” designed to give Consular officers wider discretion to deny immigrant and nonimmigrant visas to applicants on public charge grounds based on a variety of factors that could weigh positively or negatively on an applicant.
According to the rule, consular officials will now be able to weigh a variety of factors to determine whether a visa applicant is likely to become a public charge. These factors include the applicant’s age, health, educational background, and financial status. In addition, consular officers will have increased discretion to scrutinize certain applications more closely than others based on the type of visa classification sought by the applicant, as well as the duration of stay.
Applicants who are seeking a long-term visa, for example may be scrutinized more heavily than applicant’s seeking a short-term visa (such as a tourist visa).
How will these factors be weighed by Consular officials?
Age: Consular officers will consider whether the alien’s age makes the alien more likely than not to become a public charge in the totality of the circumstances, such as by impacting the alien’s ability to work. Consular officers will consider an alien’s age between 18 and 62 as a positive factor.
Health: Consular officers will consider whether the alien’s health serves as a positive or negative factor in the totality of the circumstances, including whether the alien has been diagnosed with a medical condition that is likely to require extensive medical treatment or institutionalization or that will interfere with the alien’s ability to provide and care for himself or herself, to attend school, or to work (if authorized).
Assets, resources, and financial status: Consular officers will consider several nonexclusive aspects of the alien’s assets, resources, and financial status. Annual gross income for the applicant’s household size of at least 125 percent of the most recent Federal Poverty Guidelines based on the applicant’s household size, is a positive factor. If the applicant’s annual household gross income is less than 125 percent of the most recent Federal Poverty Guidelines, the applicant can submit evidence of ownership of assets, which may affect the consular officer’s determination. Consular officers will also consider listed public benefits received.
Education and skills: Consular officers will consider both positive and negative factors associated with whether the alien has adequate education and skills to either obtain or maintain lawful employment with an income sufficient to avoid being likely to become a public charge. In assessing whether the alien’s level of education and skills makes the alien likely to become a public charge, the consular officer must consider, among other factors, the alien’s history of employment, educational level (high school diploma, or its equivalent, or a higher educational degree), any occupational skills, certifications, or licenses, and proficiency in English or proficiency in other languages in addition to English.
Weighing the Factors:
According to the rule, “certain factors and factual circumstances …will weigh heavily in determining whether an alien is likely to become a public charge, including negative and positive factors.”
The heavily weighted negative factors are:
- The alien is not a full-time student and is authorized to work, but is unable to satisfy the consular officer that he or she is currently employed, has recent employment history, or a reasonable prospect of future employment;
- The alien has received, or has been certified or approved to receive, one or more public benefits, as defined in 22 CFR 40.41(c), for more than 12 months in the aggregate within any 36-month period (such that for instance receipt of two benefits in one month, counts as two months’ worth of benefits), beginning no earlier than 12 a.m., October 15, 2019, or 36 months prior to the adjudication of the alien’s visa application, whichever is later;
- The alien has been diagnosed with a medical condition that is likely to require extensive treatment or institutionalization or that will interfere with the alien’s ability to provide for himself or herself, attend school, or work;
- The alien has no health insurance for use in the United States and has neither the prospect of obtaining private health insurance, nor the financial resources to pay for reasonably foreseeable medical costs related to such medical condition;
- The alien was previously found inadmissible or deportable on public charge grounds by an Immigration Judge or the Board of Immigration Appeals.
The heavily weighted positive factors are:
- The alien’s household has income, assets, resources, or support of at least 250 percent of the Federal Poverty Guidelines for the alien’s household size. Consular officers may not consider any income from illegal activities, g.,proceeds from illegal gambling or drug sales, or any income derived from any public benefit as defined in 22 CFR 40.41(c);
- The alien is authorized to work and is currently employed with an annual income of at least 250 percent of the Federal Poverty Guidelines for the alien’s household size. Consular officers may not consider any income from illegal activities, g.,proceeds from illegal gambling or drug sales; and
- The alien has private health insurance (other than health insurance obtained with premium tax credits under the Affordable Care Act) for use in the United States covering the expected period of admission.
How you should prepare
While it is possible that this rule could be blocked by the courts, applicants should exercise caution.
To avoid an adverse decision, visa applicants should be prepared to demonstrate ample financial resources to support themselves in the United States. In the case of work visa applicants, the applicant should have a sufficient salary to support themselves throughout the duration of their stay. The salary should be well documented in the certified LCA, as well as in the job offer letter, with proof where applicable. In addition, applicants would be wise to negotiate an arrangement in which the US employer will ensure that the applicant is covered under the employer’s medical insurance.
Alternatively, where the applicant is unable to show sufficient finances, the applicant must have a sufficient Affidavit of Support signed by a sponsor who can provide for the alien and who are able and willing to provide support during the alien’s duration of stay.
If you have a visa interview coming up soon you should ensure you are well prepared to show the officer that you are not likely to become a public charge while in the United States. If you have questions about this new rule please contact our office.